With the rise in the mining sector, the segment of earthmoving equipment is also expected to increase. By its name you can recognize what “earthmovers” can do? They do exactly the same thing that their name indicates like providing different methods for transporting rocks, soil along with other earthen materials simply from one area to another.
In this post, we will study the use of earth moving equipment and its different types.
Use of Earth Moving Equipment in Mining Sector
Numerous construction equipment is utilized in the mining sector like wheel loaders, bulldozers for coal mining work, tippers, pavers, excavators, breakers, cranes, forklifts, off-highway dumpers, scrapers, rope shovels, dump trucks, and so on.
All these equipment perform numerous functions such as excavation, earthmoving, road construction, ground preparation, material handling, etc. Out of all equipment that is employed in the sector of coal mines, earth moving equipment, like bulldozers, no doubt, is most commonly used.
In coal mining project, earth moving equipment such as bulldozer & excavator is used for moving minerals as well as earth. Here we have jotted down some earth moving equipment used in coal mining sector that one can check:
Backhoe Loaders: They are versatile and are used as excavators as well as the loaders. They are seen at generally every mining site. Backhoe is used for digging the trench whereas loader in back-filling it.
Also, different attachments are available in the market which can be attached to backhoe loaders easily for performing difficult errands. Those tasks include grabbing objects, drilling, levelling the ground, lifting, and so on.
Dump or Haul Trucks: Dump or haul trucks are utilized for mining as well as heavy dirt hauling tasks.
Bulldozers: Bulldozers are the heavy equipment that is used in every construction industry. It can be used for moving dirt and are used to push earth piles and grading both rough and fine which depends on bulldozer size.
Dragline Excavators: These machines are used extensively in surface mining. Larger ones are utilized in the operations of strip mining for moving overburden above the coal.
Wheel Loaders: They are utilized in mining operations for loading loose materials into another machine like conveyor belts, railcars, dump trucks, feed hoppers, etc.
Scrapers: Scrapers are large motorized machines that are utilized for hauling, levelling out materials, digging, etc.
Shovels: Shovels are utilized in the mining sector for digging along with loading fragmented rock. In addition to this, it’s also used for mineral extraction in the mining site.
Earth Moving Equipment Maintenance Best Practices
The equipment of earth moving is quite expensive which makes maintenance quite essential and is mostly contracted through bulldozer on rental for coal mining work or other earth moving machines on hiring basis. Equipment that functions in a proper way reduces chance of injuries. The below-given practices can extend the life of earth moving equipment. Not only this, but it will also help in avoiding sudden injuries or death.
- Clean the earth moving machinery
- Train your employees for operating earth moving equipment properly
- Lubricate the equipment carefully
- Examine & maintains the equipment on a regular basis for proper efficiency
- Make use of correct parts and tools
Hope this useful guide will help you in knowing more about the heavy earth mining equipment for coal mines in India. Earth moving equipment, no doubt, is vital in every coal mining sector so it must be maintained regularly.