Our world produces more than 3.5 million tons of solid waste every single day. By the end of the century, it is predicted that this figure will grow to 11 million tons. Progressive countries like Canada, China, Bulgaria, United States, Estonia, Srilanka, and including India are recognized to be the world’s largest solid waste heaps. These garbage landfills span hundreds and even thousands of acres and the heaps reach considerable height.
Below we have listed some of the biggest landfill, trash dumps and disposal sites in the world:
- Apex Regional, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA (2,200 acres)
- Bordo Poniente, Mexico City, Mexico (927 acres)
- Laogang, Shanghai, China (830 acres)
- Malagrotta, Rome, Italy (680 acres)
- Puente Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA (630 acres
- Sudokwon, Incheon, South Korea (570 acres)
- Delhi Landfills, New Delhi, India (500 acres)
- Deonar, Mumbai, India (326 acres)
- West New Territories, Hong Kong (272 acres)
- Xinfeng, Guangzhou, China (227 acres)
To combat the global landfills situation, the country like Sweden, and Germany, currently has the best recycling rate in the world. The Shared among these nations are commonalities, notably stringent governmental policies and regulations crafted to stimulate the adoption of recycling methodologies.
Germany has the best recycling rates in the world that recycles almost half of its municipal waste. Also, the African country like Colombia came up with the idea of ECOBOT that efficiently promotes the culture of recycling across the country.
According to some experts, “currently, global trash troubles are at a crisis level. That is why developing countries need to understand the need for waste management.
In this rapid globalization, solid waste management is still an overlooked issue. The government along with a recognized waste management company should come forward and take an urgent call to address waste management for the well-being of the people and the planet.
To ensure effective and controllable solid waste management, here are some methods taken for their prevention:
- One must conveniently use numerous technologies by various waste management companies throughout manufacturing, use, or post-use portions of product life cycles. It will eliminate waste at great speed and reduces or prevent pollution.
- The environmentally conscious manufacturing methods help in incorporating less hazardous or harmful materials.
- Use modern leakage detection systems for material storage, innovative chemical neutralization techniques. It consistently reduces reactivity or water-saving technologies that in turn reduce the need for freshwater inputs.
- Another method is MSW (Municipal Solid Waste Management) which helps the collection and disposal of waste. MSW waste management solutions must be financially sustainable, environmentally friendly, and technically feasible across the world.
- Sanitary landfill is a fully engineered disposal option that avoids the harmful effects of uncontrolled dumping by spreading, compacting, and covering the wasteland that has been carefully engineered before use.
- Non-engineered disposal is the most common method of disposal that helps in controlling, managing, and organizing open, uncontrolled, and poorly managed dumping practices.
- Reuse and recycling waste materials can painlessly help in the reprocessing of discarded materials into a new useful product. The process of reusing cans can also save huge costs.
In recent years, solid waste generation in countries like India, China, and the United States has been increased to a large extent due to an explosion in population, enhanced economic activity, and rapid urbanization. It is time that the Government should implement strict rules to ensure proper disposal of solid waste by functional Landfill Management in India.
Proper MSW landfill is mandatory for sustainable, healthy, and inclusive cities and communities. In the future, the world will face serious challenges due to more waste and overwhelming pollution across nations if no action is taken.
The urgent action at all levels of society is needed to save lives, livelihoods, and the environment to tackle the problem.